California’s 2022-23 Approved State Budget Final Detailed Summary
Governor Newsom released his 2022-23 budget blueprint. The budget projects a significant surplus of more than $45 billion, of which $20 billion is discretionary, $16.1 billion is dedicated to additional Proposition 98 payments for K-14 education, and $9 billion dedicated for reserve deposits and supplemental pension payments. The governor warned, however, that these numbers could change substantially as state revenues are realized in spring and presented in the Governor’s May Revise budget. The proposed budget will now be debated by the legislature and a final budget will be sent to the governor for approval in June. Below is a summary of the governor’s proposed budget and its impact on Californians with intellectual and developmental disabilities and their families:
Total Fund (TF) = state + federal funding.
General Fund (GF) = only the state’s portion.
Regional Center Services
The proposed budget estimates regional center caseload growth to 408,000 clients and a total budget of $12.4 billion TF ($7.5B GF). Budget highlights include:
- Provider Rates and Rate Study – This Budget continues to implement the historic DDS investments made in last year’s Budget Act, including an estimated $1.2 billion General Fund investment by 2025-26 to fully implement the Department of Developmental Services (DDS) rate study, and prioritize system stability, workforce development, service access and equity, and outcome-based initiatives.
- Early Start: Part C to B Transitions —$65.5 million ($45.1 million General Fund) to strengthen the transition process for three-year-old children with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities moving from the Early Start program (Part C of the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)) to special education (Part B of IDEA). This funding supports service coordinator-to-child caseload ratios, supports to preschools to increase inclusion of children served by regional centers, establishment of IDEA specialists at each regional center, and resources to facilitate interagency coordination. See the Early Childhood Chapter for more details. (see next section below for more details)
- Communications Assessments for Individuals Who Are Deaf+—$15 million ($9 million General Fund) one-time funding to support communication assessments that will be used in developing individual program plans to improve services for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities who are deaf (Deaf+).
- Work Activity Programs: New Service Model —$8.3 million ($5 million General Fund) to establish a service model pilot program focused on expanding employment opportunities for individuals with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities who are currently served through Work Activity Programs or are recent high school graduates.
Improving Services to Young Children with Disabilities
When young children receiving Early Intervention Services (pursuant to Part C of the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)) turn three, they are often eligible to receive school-age special education services from a local education agency (pursuant to Part B of IDEA). This process of transitioning from early start services (Part C) to school-age services (Part B) is often challenging for children and families. In order to improve early childhood services for children from birth through age five, including children transitioning to special education service at three or entering kindergarten at five who have or are at risk for an intellectual or developmental disability, the Budget includes the following investments:
- $849,000 General Fund and 6 positions to support CDE’s transition process efforts.
- $51 million ($31.9 million General Fund) in 2022-23 and $68.1 million ($42.6 million General Fund) ongoing to reduce regional center service coordinator caseload ratios to 1:40 for children through age five. These investments will help increase participation of service coordinators in Individual Education Plan meetings, increase family visits from bi-annually to quarterly, and strengthen federal compliance with timely service delivery and transitions.
- $10 million General Fund to promote inclusion in preschool of three- and four-year olds served by regional centers. Resources will support preschool efforts to improve accessibility of their programs. This will present families with an opportunity for their child to learn alongside children with different abilities.
- $3.2 million ($2.2 million General Fund) to establish IDEA Specialists at each regional center. The IDEA Specialists will provide expertise on IDEA services through technical support to both regional centers and local education agencies providing school-age services.
- $1.2 million ($1 million General Fund) to increase DDS resources to make improvements to the Early Start Program to drive toward inclusive services, help streamline intake processes, align systems, and increase interagency collaboration with CDE.
Building on last year’s investments, the Budget proposes an additional $500 million ongoing Proposition 98 General Fund for the special education funding formula, paired with the following policy changes to further the state’s commitment to improving special education instruction and services:
- To improve the ability of local educational agencies to project their special education funding allocations and undertake comprehensive program planning, amend the special education funding formula to calculate special education base funding allocations at the local educational agency level rather than the special education local plan area (SELPA) level.
- Consolidate two special education extraordinary cost pools into a single cost pool to simplify the current funding formula.
- Allocate Educationally-Related Mental Health Services funding directly to local educational agencies rather than to SELPAs.
- Develop a Special Education Addendum to the Local Control and Accountability Plan that will support inclusive planning and promote cohesion by linking special education and general education planning, so parents of students with disabilities have a defined role in the Local Control and Accountability Plan development process
- Support efforts to develop comprehensive Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) by focusing a special education resource lead on IEP best practices, and establishing an expert panel to continue the work of creating a model IEP template
- Establish an alternate diploma and a workgroup to explore alternative coursework options for students with disabilities to demonstrate completion of the state graduation requirements.
Summer Learning & Early Learning
Summer Learning Programs – Last year’s Budget Act provided $1 billion ongoing funds and $754 million one-time Proposition 98 General Fund for the Expanded Learning Opportunities Program, which by 2025-26 will provide all students in low-income communities with no-cost access to nine hours of developmentally appropriate academics and enrichment activities per instructional day and for six weeks each summer. This Budget proposes an additional $3.4 billion ongoing Proposition 98 General Fund for the Expanded Learning Opportunities Program, increasing per pupil funding for the program and expanding the number of local educational agencies offering no-cost services.
Early Learning – The Budget proposes $639.2 million General Fund to expand eligibility for transitional kindergarten, from all children turning five-years-old between September 2 and December 2 to all children turning five-years-old between September 2 and February 2, beginning in the 2022-23 school year.
The Budget also re-envisions State Preschool for families. While some families will choose to send their four year-old to transitional kindergarten, others will have the choice to access State Preschool. The Budget invests $197.8 million Proposition 98 General Fund and $110.6 million General Fund to increase State Preschool Program adjustment factors for students with disabilities and dual language learners. These adjustment factor increases are intended to fund new requirements for State Preschool providers to: (1) serve at least 10 percent students with disabilities, and (2) provide additional supportive services for dual language learners.
The Budget assumes an additional SSP increase of 24 percent, effective January 1, 2024, resulting in an estimated $296 million General Fund in 2023-24 and $593 million ongoing. The increase is projected to bring maximum SSI/SSP grant levels to $1,123 per month for individuals and $1,940 per month for couples in 2024.
IHSS Permanent Back-up Provider System—The Budget includes $24.8 million ($11.2 million General Fund) ongoing to establish a permanent back-up provider system for IHSS recipients to avoid disruptions to caregiving due to an immediate need or emergencies.
Expansion of Medi-Cal to All Income-Eligible Californians – Over the last decade, the Medi-Cal program has significantly expanded and changed, due in large part to the implementation of the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and California’s expansions of Medi-Cal coverage to children, young adults, and older adults age 50 and over regardless of immigration status. The Budget builds on those expansions and includes $819.3 million ($613.5 million General Fund) in 2023-24 and $2.7 billion ($2.2 billion General Fund) annually at full implementation, inclusive of In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) costs, to expand full-scope eligibility to all income-eligible adults aged 26 through 49 regardless of immigration status. Beginning no sooner than January 1, 2024, Medi-Cal will be available to all income-eligible Californians.